Serra Gate

LOCATION
ISTANBUL / TURKEY
ARCHITECTURAL PROJECT & DESIGN
GOKHAN AVCIOGLU & GAD
BUILDING TYPE
MONUMENT + INSTALLATION, EXPERIMENTAL
CONSTRUCTION AREA
15.000 m2
PROJECT SITE AREA
15.000 m2
YEAR
2013
STATUS
BUILT

In the last few decades, architecture related fields have made aggressive moves towards technology. For example, computer aided design improves workflow in the design and construction fields while advances in software begin to provide standardized ways to realize computer generated forms. Three dimensional computer applications are tools that allow us to redefine space. Technological improvements have taken architecture into a new phase, where digital design can be explored with surface tension and structural analysis. We are inspired by these ideas and set up the research to approach architecture and building technology in an experimental way that leads us to discover the architecture that is mutational and transformable. 

In many of its projects, GAD employs a highly experimental approach and embraces the latest technological advancements. 3D printing technology often plays a crucial role in the concept and design processes, allowing the final geometry to be modular sculptural installations. Serra Gate is one of the experimental projects that GAD focused on finding ways to incorporate these advances in real life projects. In the structural analyses, Serra Gate structure creates homogeneous spaces. When the initial configuration retains a rigid layout, the transformation of it begins to show flexibility around the edges by the following parting and pairing rules. The method assists us in creating flexible structures which are self-adjustable according to the program. With the advancing technology, architectural tectonics are becoming more flexible than before. It leads to the thought of neo-architecture and amplify the possibilities of one prototype by mutation and transformation, which indicates the potential building tectonics existing in the nature and man-made forms. Neo-architecture has broadened the field of architecture in theory, philosophy, mathematics, sociology, technology as well as in design aspects. 

The only functional criterion was making an urban furniture in a gate form, that would lead people towards to a point of attraction. In addition to the form of the structure, the vertical tiles are positioned between the horizontal plates to exaggerate the redirecting effect. The placement and dimensions of the vertical tiles were also optimised after a parametric study, so that they can support the entire system without any additional column-like element. Apart from the tiles placed side by side with the vertical plates, the entire system is made of steel. Some intelligent materials allow for new possibilities of structures. Their stress and strain dependences are different from traditional materials. The techniques and processes of emergence are intensely mathematical and have spread to the other domains where the analysis and production of complex forms or behaviour are fundamental. 

The project of Serra Gate demonstrates the ability of a responsive temporary structure to absorb the flexibility of both program and users within a continuous field of negative/positive spaces. The deep understanding of the Serra Gate parameters tested both physically and digitally, has allowed the material organization logic to be translated at the urban scale, while the component research and the built prototypes have tested its construction feasibility. The structure proposes an immersive environment in which the relationship of scale and proportion between the viewer and projection are radically modified. By combining together innovative projection techniques and a dynamic continuous structure the structure is able to create a convincing architectural solution which could be adapted to any urban environment. 

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